Mintos – Lender Ratings

There are almost 70 Loan Originators listed on Mintos at any one time. Each of these are rated by Mintos on a sliding scale of A+ (representing low risk) to D (Default). Rating lenders is not straightforward – there are a number of factors that can go into each rating and the weighting of each factor is a matter of opinion and debate.

Current ratings on Mintos are based on assessments of company operations, management, financials, risk appetite, portfolio performance and regulatory environment. Each of these factors are subject to interpretation, estimation and potentially bias. Unfortunately, Mintos do not always get it right.

Case: Eurocent

Who is Eurocent? Eurocent was a loan originator that joined Mintos in March 2017, providing loans from the Polish market. Within 3 months of listing, Mintos suspended Eurocent loans and in 2018 Eurcoent ceased operations and declared itself bankrupt. Investors that had loans with Eurocent are facing loses, even those with a “buyback guarantee” since the loan originator was providing that guarantee.

Mintos are arguably the most transparent P2P platform at the minute, and they regularly publish financial data on each of these loan originators. With this data available, we are free to perform our own assessments on Loan Originators listed. Our aim is to provide an independent assessment on each Loan Originator – this way we can hopefully avoid falling victim to the next Eurocent.

Our Ratings

Last Updated: November 2019

Our rating are out of 100 – We suggest avoiding Loan Originators that score less than 50 points.

CompanyTotal out of 100Mintos RatingsLatest Financial StatementsAuditedNet Profit (€M)Group GuaranteeFoundedSizeEmployeesCountryNet Profit MarginCurrent RatioDebt to Asset Ratio
Mogo87A31/12/2018Yes4.6 Yes2012233.60275Several8.541.670.91
1PM84.5A31/05/2018Yes5.6 No2000950.00180United Kingdom18.731.060.70
Banknote82A-31/12/2018Yes4.8 Yes2009141.00305Latvia26.571.550.78
Vizia81A-31/12/2018Yes4.8 Yes200934.90305Latvia114.101.591.00
CreamFinance78.25B31/12/2018Yes1.6 Yes2012401.00360Georgia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Latvia2.641.330.82
Credissimo74A-31/12/2018Yes3.2 No2007154.20130Bulgaria9.015.840.16
Dziesiatka74B-31/12/2018Yes0.6 No200111.20440Poland25.2310.260.56
Lutecredit72.5B+31/12/2018Yes7.3 Yes2008187.00266Several21.891.300.77
ID Finance72.33B31/12/2018YEs12.5 IDFinance Spain, S.L.: No
MFO OnlineKazFinance LLP (Kazakhstan): Yes
IDF CAPITAL, S.A.P.I DE C.V., SOFOM E.N.R.: No
2012688.00400Georgia, Spain, Kazachstan10.571.140.91
BB Finance Group69.5A-31/12/2018Yes-1.1 Yes2006166.0050Finland-25.531.440.72
EBV Finance69A-31/12/2018Yes0.3 No2009105.3051Lithuania6.396.140.89
CashCredit67.5B31/12/2018Yes0.7 No201171.00378Bulgaria17.101.330.39
Credius67B+31/12/2018Yes1.3 No201346.40170Romania10.385.121.00
Everest Finanse67A-31/12/2018Yes-6.6 No2000800.402015Poland-10.533.450.75
AgroCredit66A-31/12/2018Yes0.2 No201144.003Latvia28.535.630.69
Capital Service62.5B+31/12/2018Yes-0.5 No 1999278.40422Poland-0.601.441.00
Akulaku62B+30/12/2018Yes-35.3 Yes2016776.802500Indonesia-28.162.910.35
Creditstar61.5B31/12/2018No2.8 Yes2006100Several11.031.250.79
Watu Credit61.5B31/12/2018Yes1.6 No201537.50320Kenya22.801.180.81
Simbo60.5B-31/12/2018Yes0.8 No201751.3021Denmark10.961.191.02
Varks59.5B+31/12/2018Yes0.0 No2016155.90286Armenia28.341.090.00
Placet Group59B31/12/2018No8.8 No2005311.0081Estonia, Lithuania87.386.310.53
Capitalia 58.5B+31/12/2018No0.0 Capitalia Finance OU: Yes
AS Capital: No
Capitalia Finance UAB: Yes
200760.0016Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia5.222.561.00
ExpressCredit58.5B-31/12/2018Yes0.5 No201536.00243Botswana, Zambia19.770.000.00
Kredit Pintar57B+31/12/2018No6.0 Yes2017221.00600Poland26.492.380.41
EcoFinance56B31/12/2018Yes0.0 No201561.3023Russia0.073.030.56
Acema55A-31/03/2018No2.8 No2001106.5031Czech Republic1.431.541.00
ITF Group55B-31/12/2018Yes0.2 No201223.60200Bulgaria5.203.210.52
Debifo50.5B31/12/2018Yes-0.1 No2015112.0019Lithuania-9.971.011.00
Extra Finance50B31/12/2018Yes0.1 No200932.9038Romania0.200.761.00
Kviku48.5B31/12/2018Yes0.1 No201318.0032Russia6.681.220.82
Novaloans47B+31/03/2019No0.3 No201222.6016UK 27.491.001.00
Lime46.5B31/12/2018Yes0.0 No201396.80175Russia2.091.390.72
Alfakredyt46B31/12/2018No0.3 No201355.5026Poland12.464.020.77
Mikro Capital45.5A-31/12/2018No3.0 No2008 1762Russia100.001.360.73
SOS Credit44C+31/12/2018Yes0.2 Yes201511.7050Ukraine9.255.481.97
Monego43C+31/12/2018Yes-0.6 No201821.30213Kosovo-94.3718.400.92
Dineria42B-31/03/2019No0.1 No20168.2061Mexico12.222.620.37
Stikcredit42B-31/12/2018No0.9 No201314.0071Bulgaria68.843.980.25
Dineo41B-31/12/2018No2.2 No2014200.0037Spain10.674.791.00
DozarPlati40.5B-31/12/2018No0.9 No201132.40361Russia5.531.470.68
Kredit2440C+31/12/2018Yes-0.6 Yes201315.0071Kazakhstan-10.390.861.21
Sebo40B-31/12/2018Yes1.9 No201744.00174Moldova33.100.931.02
Hipocredit39B-31/12/2018No0.1 No201415.009Latvia, Lithuania13.390.970.97
Mozipo39B-31/12/2018No-2.5 Yes2007173.0051Lithuania, Romania, Denmark-104.710.171.94
Aforti38.5C+31/12/2018Yes0.1 Yes200920.0056Poland0.061.481.00
Fireof37B31/03/2019No0.3 No201628.0012Spain66.940.850.66
Tigo37C+31/12/2018Yes-0.8 No20179.6080Republic of Macedonia-98.491.711.27
Credilikeme36C+30/03/2019No0.2 No20125.2023Mexico46.090.190.30
Peachy36B31/12/2018Yes-0.3 No2010118.3056United Kingdom-4.142.011.20
Cashwagon35.5B-30/04/2019No-0.4 Yes2017170.00936Philippines, Indonesia-5.761.280.80
Ecash46C+31/12/2018Yes-0.6 No201714.00140Ukraine37.805.880.17
Kredo Finance30C+31/12/2018Yes-0.8 No20175.6085Albania-67.500.880.97
LFTech30B-31/12/2017No9.2 No2012184.00402Kazakhstan37.805.880.17
Getbucks28B31/12/2018No-9.9 Yes2011230.00800Several-13.310.860.92
Dinero27.5B-31/12/2018Yes-1.5 No201746.30158Ukraine-51.571.490.62
Esto27B-31/07/2019No0.0 No201714.2015Estonia4.220.961.00
Aasa25.5B+30/06/2017No-1.1 AASA Polska S.A – No
AASA Kredit Svenska AB – Yes
2010516.00184Poland, Finland-3.421.410.71
Kuki24.5B-31/12/2018No-1.6 No2017125.1058Poland-3.551.050.94
Lendrock24B-31/12/2018No-0.3 No20153.5018Spain-108.192.520.33
AlexCredit22B-31/03/2019No0.0 No201724.0060Ukraine14.803.540.07
Zenka Finance22C+31/08/2019No0.0 No2018580Kenya15.1525.150.04
RapiCredit21B-31/12/2018No-0.6 No201430.0080Colombia-38.930.840.97
Metrokredit20B-30/06/2019No0.0 No201744.70154Russia0.001.001.00
Lendo18C+31/12/2018Yes-2.1 No2016103.205Georgia-13.230.811.21
Tengo18B-30/09/2018No-0.3 No201753.00296Kazakhstan-6.910.000.00
Rapido10.5D31/12/2018Yes-1.7 No2017130.0040Spain-25.101.441.40
Eurocent8.5D31/12/2017No-1.2 No200442.0078Poland-21.111.010.64
Bino0B-31/12/2017No-2.0 No201741.1024Latvia-126.670.771.27

Latest Updates:

November: Loan Originator Rapido Finance was suspended from the Mintos platform due to the loan originators failure to make payments to investors, combined with management failure to show steps to resolve this failure. Read more about this here.

October: Mintos downgraded two loan originators: Aasa Poland has been downgraded from A- to B+ and Rapido Finance from B- to C. Check out their post here to see the reason why.

Lenders to Avoid

Mintos has recently experienced some difficulties with collecting payments from Loan Originators, highlighting the need to invest in high quality loan originators in order to protect investments. Below we’ve listed 2 loan originators with a massive red flag that you should avoid.

One of the first things we look for with lenders is an audited set of financial statements. This provides a level of assurance that the data you are looking at has been verified by an independent third party. With Peachy, we noted that the auditors have highlighted a few points that we would like to bring to your attention:

  • The company incurred a loss for the year of 259k
  • Total liabilities exceed total assets by 1.2m
  • Company directors note that there are material uncertainties exist that cast doubt on the company ability to continue as a going concern. (i.e. Good chance of going out of business!)

Put simply, the company is in trouble and is not showing signs of improving. We suggest avoiding this LO.

It took until October 2019 for Lendo to release their financial data for 2018, an immediate red flag. Similarly to Peachy, the auditors have highlighted a few points that we will reiterate:

  • The Group incurred a net loss of GEL6,433,992
  • The Group had a negative equity of GE18,452,609.
  • Company directors note that there are material uncertainties exist that cast doubt on the company ability to continue as a going concern.

Generally, when a company releases their financial statements late, it is a sign that they are in dispute with their auditors (over something that they would prefer not to put in!). In this case, it appears Lendo did not want to disclose the negative results to investors. Additionally, the company was fined almost 1.5m by the Revenue Service, which management are disputing.

Our Rating Criteria

We rate lenders using 12 different criteria covering 4 different categories. Don’t agree with our ratings? Great! Let us know in the comments. We update company ratings each month and would love to hear your feedback on how we can improve.

Financial Performance (25%)

A. Net Profit: A profitable company is better to invest in than a non – profitable company. Simple, right?

B. Current Ratio: This is a simple financial metric that shows us a company’s ability to pay short term and long term obligations. A healthy ratio is about a 2:1 – this is what we are looking for here.

C. Net Profit Margin: This shows us management ability to transform revenue into a profit. The higher, the better.

D. Debt to Asset Ratio: Debt is risky – High interest repayments on debt can be the downfall of a company if not managed properly. The debt to asset ratio measures the total amount of assets financed by creditors rather than investors. A healthy ratio is about 40% (or 0.4) – the average across all lenders is 0.78!

Transparency (20%)

Audited Financial Statements: This is a big one for us – If the company does not provide audited financial statements how can we trust the data presented? While a new company does not have the time or money to invest in performing audits (nor should it), unaudited financial statements can provide misleading information to investors and are inherently more risky. 20 points for providing audited FS, 0 for not.

Intrinsic Advantages/Company Strategy (35%)

A. Country – Based on the country where the Loan Originators primary operations are performed. We averaged country ratings between the main rating agencies (Moody’s, S&P and Fitch) in order to reflect the risk of investing in these countries. High grade countries such as the US receive 10 points, highly speculative countries such as Cuba can receive -10.

B. Founded – Based on the “recession factor”. The truth is that we don’t really know how the P2P industry will perform in a recession or how many Loan Originators will survive. What we do know is that a Loan Originators that survived the last recession is less risky then a company that has only originated in the last few years. 10 points for companies created before 2008, 0 points for those created after.

C. Size – Larger companies are less risky than smaller companies, right?

D. Employees – More employees means more knowledge and know-how on how to deal with tricky situations.

E. Group Guarantee – A loan originator is structured so that they have separate and distinct legal entities, operating as subsidiaries in different jurisdictions, each reporting to the “Group” entity. If an under-performing performing entity declares itself bankrupt, your money could go down with it. However, if the company has a Group Guarantee, this is essentially a guarantee from the Group that they will support all of their subsidiaries, underperforming or not.

Other (20%)

A. Skin In the Game – All loan originators that place loans on the marketplace are required to keep a certain percentage of each loan, which is their stake in the loan. This helps to align investor interests with Loan Originator interests. For us, the higher the better.

B. Mintos Ratings – Yes, we admit it – Mintos have access to information that we do not! Not all data is published, Mintos communicated regularly with their LO’s and they have a team of staff that review current loan performance and other data. Rather than fight this, we have decided to build this into our own ratings. An A+ LO receives 15 points, and there is a sliding scale for those with lower ratings.

C. Discretionary – Our final rating criteria allows us to take a maximum of 20 points off the total scores of lenders. As not everything is captured by the data provided in the Financial Statements, this metric allows us to downgrade lenders for various reasons. In the table above, several lenders have been downgraded for the late release of Financial Statements (there is no reason why we should not have access to 2018 data by now!) and in the case of Aforti, the lender has been downgraded due to recent funding/IT difficulties experienced by the company.

Other factors that may result in a downgrade include recent poor loan performance, negative announcements about the companies or anything really! The idea is to use this metric as a means to downgrade lenders before they release negative Financial Statements, in order to get ahead of the rush to sell.

Click HERE to set up an account with Mintos, and receive a bonus on investments made in the first 3 months!

Pros and Cons of P2P Industry

It is fair to say that P2P investing (also known as crowdlending/crowdfunding) is gaining popularity worldwide. As the banking industry continue to provide low to negative interest rates for people putting their money into saving accounts, and with many predicting a bear market for stocks and recession in the near future, people are starting to look for alternative ways to invest. P2P investing has emerged as a viable alternative for those with just a little spare cash and others with millions to invest and want to diversify their portfolios. We have listed below some of the pros and cons of investing in the P2P industry:

Pros

  1. High Returns

The number one draw for the asset class is the high returns it offers. Most platforms average around 13% p/a, and it is possible to invest in individual projects that are a lot higher. We have even seen investment opportunities offering returns up to 26%! With the magic of compound interest and rates this high, it would take just 3 years to double your investment. A note of caution however – Investment returns this high are simply not sustainable in the long term and come with a high degree of risk – see points listed in our risk section below.

You might ask yourself why would a business or person taking out a loan pay interest rates this high? The answer is usually a combination of various reasons surrounding ease, time and other. P2P platforms offer a number of advantages over traditional banks, such as:

  • Same day credit decisions
  • Less paperwork involved
  • Short term loans (bridging finance)
  • Marketing opportunities

This provides opportunities for investors to make significant returns by cutting out the traditional middle man (i.e the bank) and businesses can take out loans with short notice – A win win for the investor and businesses.

  1. Passive Income

Many platforms have an auto invest feature – a very effective tool that allows you to set up your investment strategy to automatically invest for you based on specific criteria that suit your investment style. Depending on the platform this could be a very sophisticated strategy where investments are made only after a number of criteria are met, or else a simple strategy where you just select the interest rate you want. Either way, this feature is extremely powerful as it allows you to earn returns with little time needed to evaluate loans individually. Once you have the tool set up, you can sit back and watch the money come in, checking in every once and a while.

  1. Investing local

Most P2P platforms source their investments from their local market. So when you invest in the platform, it is likely that you are helping the local market grow or are supporting a local person that needs a loan for a new car, house, etc. This works well for businesses aswel – by listing themselves on the platform they can have thousands of investors feeling part of a new business project or initiative and investors will be more likely to spend money on this business.

Some of our favourite investments have been investing in an Irish whiskey company and providing a loan to a 72 year old Romanian woman to buy a new car. What other asset classes provide these kind of opportunities??

  1. Liquidity of Investments

Some (and we stress only some!) platforms provide an opportunity for investors to sell their loans back to the platform through a secondary market or selling directly to the platform itself, with a fee. Other platforms provide invest and access features where you can access the money invested almost immediately with the click of a button.

Investors with a short term investment horizon or those that feel they may need immediate access to their funds in the near future should concentrate their investments on platforms with these features. However, they usually come with a cost – investment returns are (generally) lower.

  1. Invest in secured assets

Investing in business loans can sometimes come with an additional layer of security – the loans can be secured against collateral provided by the borrower. This means that in the event the borrower cannot repay the loan for whatever reason and they default, the lender can take the asset and sell it in order to recover the debts. Not an ideal scenario – but it does provide an additional layer of protection for investors.

  1. Diversification

“The only investors who shouldn’t diversify are those who are right 100% of the time.”

P2P is a relatively new asset class that provides investment opportunities outside of the usual stocks, bonds, property, etc investments.  Anyone that follows this blog knows that we know that we will never be right 100% of the time! We aim to diversify our risk by investing in multiple (hopefully uncorrelated) asset classes. This is investing 101 – Spread your risk around by investing in more than one loan originator and more than one asset class. When one is under-performing, hopefully another will help balance things out.

Cons

  1. High Risk

P2P is a new asset class. It is yet unproven to see how it will perform in a recession. Will people and businesses stop paying back their loans or will it result in more people taking out loans and boost returns overall? The lack of a track record makes it hard to forecast the future, only time will tell.

Either way, it is fair to say that there is a very real risk of losing a significant proportion of the money invested, and that investors should employ strategies to reduce their risk exposure. We’ve outlined a few here that could come in handy:

RISKWHAT THIS ISSTRATEGY TO REDUCE RISK
Portfolio RiskEvery P2P platform starts finding itself in trouble– Invest in stocks, gold, bonds, ETF’s, Index funds, etc
Platform RiskOne specific P2P platform finds itself in trouble– Invest in several platforms
– Review financial statements to assess long term viability of company
– Check out Brismo site to gauge investor confidence in the platform
Loan Selection RiskThe loan you’ve selected is not repaid– Only invest in loans that come with a buyback guarantee
– Diversify by investing a max of 10 euro in each loan
Loan originator selection riskThe loan originator listed on the P2P platform goes out of business– Invest in loan originators that score about 50 in our table
– Spread your investments across minimum 20 loan originators
Group Guarantee RiskOne particular entity for the loan originator goes out of business, while the rest of the business carries on as normal– Same as above
– Invest in loan originators that have a group guarantee or stand alone entities with a solid financial performance.
Black Swan EventsAll other eventsBe ready to react. Accept event if you can’t do anything and move on!

  1. Liquidity of investments

Most P2P platforms (particularly business loans) require investors to put their capital away for several months, or even years. In some cases withdrawing capital is not possible, in others it is possible but can come at a fee for investors.

  1. Transparency of data

While some platforms try to be upfront and transparent about Loan Originators listed on their platform (kudos to you, Mintos!) – Others do not provide enough data for investors to really understand the risk of their investments and fully evaluate the opportunities listed.  The industry as a whole is improving thanks to pressure from investors, so hopefully this continues over the next few years. However, at the minute it is fair to say that investors need to take a leap of faith for some opportunities presented to them – not an ideal scenario for those looking to steadily build their wealth.

  1. Cash drag (no investment opportunities)

The more popular platforms are attracting investors quicker than people/businesses seeking investments, and demand is exceeding supply. For some platforms, opportunities are fully invested in within minutes and this leads to cash sitting on the sidelines for some time. Other platforms only have loans listed with a relatively low return as loans with high returns are snapped up immediately. Investors need to be on the lookout for opportunities and ready to invest when the time comes in order to reduce their cash drag and boost returns.

Summary

Well there you have it – the pros and cons of the P2P industry. There are countless more pros and cons that we could have included, but these are the most important for us. Overall we really do like the P2P industry – it is a unique asset class that allows investors with little cash to make some real returns and start their investing journey.

For platform specific guides why not check out some of our other reviews, linked below. You can help support us by using the sign up links below – some of these will also boost your returns:

Platform ReviewAboutAverage ReturnSign Up Bonus!
MintosMintos is the largest P2P platform in Europe and was established in 2015. Company operations based in Riga, Latvia.12.5%1% of average balance for first 90 days
GrupeerGrupeer is a P2P platform that was registered in 2016, launching in February 2017. Company operations are based in Riga Latvia. Grupeer offer two types of loans; loans issued by credit institutions to individuals and loans issued to enterprises. 13.5%No Bonus currently
FlenderFlender is an Irish P2P platform founded in 2015, offering investment opportunities to businesses based in Ireland.10.5%5% of all investments made in first 30 days
CrowdestorCrowdestor is a Latvian based P2P Platform offering high returns for investments in business loans17%<Coming soon>
DegiroDegiro is an online trading platform offering incredibly low rates for stock investingNA20 euro
CurrencyfairCurrencyfair is an online currency exchange platforms offering rates far more favourable than traditional banksNA30 euro once 1,000 euro transferred

Mintos – Investment Guide

So, you’ve decided to go down the Mintos investment journey but don’t know where to start, don’t know the risks and are afraid to take that first step. This guide will answer all the questions you didn’t even know you had and hopefully resolve at least some of your investment worries. We will get you thinking about the risks you will face and will give you a peek inside our investment strategy. By running through what we believe are the most crucial risks and giving you practical strategies you can use to reduce these risks, we aim to help you find the investment strategy most suited to you. Sounds good? Let’s get into it.

Don’t be a turkey

Nassim Taleb tells the story of a turkey who is fed every morning at the same time, the same meal at the same place, every morning for 1,000 days. Eventually, the turkey comes to expect that every visit from the farmer means that food is coming his way. Considering that this is all the turkey has seen since birth, the turkey becomes conditioned to associate the farmer with food. But then day 1,001 arrives and it’s 2 days before thanksgiving. Instead of carrying a bag of grains, the farmer is carrying an axe. The turkey quickly learns that its expectations were catastrophically wrong, and that what has happened in the past does not necessarily mean it will continue to happen in the future. And now the turkey is dinner. Taleb’s advice? “Don’t be the turkey”.

So you see an investment opportunity offering 20%, 30% even 40% returns! You’ve been investing for months now and all you can see is money coming in with no downside. Brilliant, right? Not exactly. Unless you are the next Warren Buffet averaging returns of 20% for the last 50 years, the chances are that earning this high a return year after year is unsustainable, and eventually you will be hit by something unexpected and see your hard earned returns fall drastically overnight. Our advice and the purpose of this guide: Learn the risks involved in investing, mitigate them as best you can, and don’t become the turkey.

RISK 1 – Portfolio Risk

I’m sure you’ve heard the expression “don’t put all your eggs in one basket”. Well, in this case, our advice is don’t put all your money into one asset class. P2P investing falls into the category of alternative invests. It is still a relatively new and unproven asset class, so spread your money around. You could invest in an index fund that tracks the S&P 500, bonds, gold or if you are feeling confident, why not try your hand picking individual stocks? Try to put your money into uncorrelated asset classes, so that when one is not performing, another will help pick up the slack.

If your not sure where to start, take some advice from the master of investing Warren Buffet and consider going with an index fund that tracks the market.

Vanguard ETF’s are one of the most popular – pick one that tracks the S&P 500 so your returns would be equal to the market returns. We use Degiro for our stock portfolio as the fees are amongst the lowest – Click here to sign up and receive a 20 euro joining bonus.

RISK 2 – Platform Risk

This is the risk that the platform itself goes out of business. Mintos is the biggest in Europe and is very stable – the risk here is very low (See the latest Financial statements here). Market data on P2P platforms is tracked by a company called Brismo – who provide an extremely impressive free tool that P2P investors should be interest in. Click on the link here, scroll down to the “regional volume” section and select “EU” to see how all EU platforms are performing. We like to focus on the “last 3 months” and “last 12 months” volume for each platforms – this is a good test of the current investor confidence. As you will see, Mintos are head and shoulders above all other players in the EU at the minute.

We suggest that once you’ve got to grips with one P2P Platform, consider investing in another. Therefore, if one platform goes out of business, you are protected on the downside and have spread your money across multiple platforms. Have a look at some of our other P2P platform reviews to see if any of these stand out for you:

MINTOS SPECIFIC

Right. So you’ve settled on Mintos and are ready to take the plunge, dive in head first and get your money working for you.  You understand the Macro risks, but are not sure yet how to tackle the site. Below we’ve outlined some Mintos specific risks and strategy’s you can implement to reduce these risks.

RISK 3 – The loan you select defaults

There is a risk that the loan you choose to invest in is never repaid by the borrower. Each loan originator has their own process in accepting borrowers and recovering bad debts, so the percentage of defaulted borrowers should be low. However, this can be reduced significantly by selecting loans that provide a buyback guarantee. A buyback guarantee is a guarantee from the loan originator (not Mintos!) that if the loan has not been paid in the last 60 days, they will buy the loan back from you and absorb the bad debt. Some loan originators pay interest on these bad debts, some don’t. (Check out the table here to see who does and who doesn’t) Selecting loan originators that do pay interest on bad debts will help boost your earnings slightly, but not enough that you should spend too much time focusing on this.

When selecting loans, we suggest investing the minimum amount of 10 euro per loan so that if the loan repayments are not as expected, your capital is not tied up in the under-performing loan. Also, make sure to filter for loans that come with a buyback guarantee. A word of warning however, having loans protected by loan originators doesn’t mean much if the loan originator itself falls into financial difficulties, which brings us to our next and most important point….

RISK 4 – Loan Originator goes out of business

This is by far the most important risk when investing in Mintos. If a loan originator goes out of business, you can lose some or all of your money along with it, regardless if your investment is protected by a “buyback guarantee” or not. Don’t think this will happen? It already has – In 2017 Polish lender Eurocent found themselves in trouble and in 2018, they declared themselves bankrupt. We have talked about Eurocent and the lenders we believe are most likely of falling down the same hole in our Mintos review, check it out here!

Firstly, it is important to note that there are a number of inherent systematic protections that Mintos provide before you decide to start investing. These include due diligence prior to accepting new loan originators onto their platform and ongoing monitoring of loan performance. I won’t go into too much detail explaining here as Mintos do an excellent job of this themselves, check out their post here.

Secondly, there are a number of strategies you can implement to reduce your exposure to this risk:

Diversify

“The only investors who shouldn’t diversify are those who are right 100% of the time.”

Sir John Templeton (1912-2008) 

We will never be right 100% of the time! This is investing 101 – Spread your risk around by investing in more than one loan originator. Therefore, when (and I emphasise when, not if) a loan originator goes out of business, your don’t lose all your capital. We recommend spreading your investments across 20 loan originators at a minimum.

Assuming a 12% average return and investments spread evenly across 20 loan originators, this will let you absorb the bankruptcy of a loan originator once every 5 months. As each loan originator represents 5% of your portfolio (100/20), and you earn an average of 1% return every month, this is a very effective investment tool to use.

Research Loan Originators

Invest in solid loan originators that have a low risk of failure. Lucky for you, we’ve already done a lot of the work! Check out our table here – we have gone through the financial statements of each lender and risk rated across several quantitative criteria. We don’t recommend investing your money in any loan originator that scores below 50, as we believe these loan originators are the highest risk of failure or have not provided enough data to evaluate.

Here’s a breakdown of the criteria we used to evaluate lenders. Check out of ratings table here.

Our friend over at The Smart Investor also have a very handy tool that helps filter through Mintos Loan Originators – Check it out here!

RISK 5 – Group Guarantee

Linked with the previous point and a to be honest a risk that often goes unnoticed, a massive risk is that an entity does not have a group guarantee. Without getting in to too much of the accounting or legal jargon, the basic risk is that:

  • A loan originator is structured so that they have separate and distinct legal entities, operating as subsidiaries in different jurisdictions, each reporting to the “Group” entity.
  • An entity in one jurisdiction may be performing well, whereas an entity in another jurisdiction could be falling into trouble. Rather than allowing an under-performing entity be compensated by the “good” performing entity, the group team could simply let the under-performing company fail, along with your hard earned money.
  • Without a Group Guarantee, there is no legal obligation for the company to repay the loans outstanding. The Group can simply continue operating normally as though the poor performing company never existed. If the under-performing performing entity declares itself bankrupt, your money could go down with it.

However, if the company has a Group Guarantee, this is essentially a guarantee from the Group that they will support all of their subsidiaries, underperforming or not. Check out our table here to see which companies have a Group Guarantee.

RISK 6 – Black Swan Events (All Other)

Ok, so we’ve cheated here slightly. There are countless risks involved in investing and it is simply not possible or an effective strategy to manager all of them. Unfortunately, we can’t plan for every risk or create a risk-free strategy. The sweet spot in investing is about finding how much risk you can tolerate, implement strategies to reduce your risk, and accept events that are outside of your control.

There are countless things that could happen: For example, a change in legal circumstances could render a loan originators business model obsolete, the death of a CEO or leader, a badly implemented strategic move, a company falsifying financial documents or falling into legal trouble, a war breaks out or the company website falls victim of a cyber-attack. As we cannot plan for these risks, we need to simply accept that they exist, be ready to react, and if there is nothing we can do, simply move on.

INVESTMENT STRATEGy

So now you understand the risks and are ready to start investing. But there are so many ways to go about this, so many loan originators to choose from and you don’t know where to start. Let’s simplify it into the 3 invest methods Mintos offer:

A. Manually Picking Loans

Once you click on the invest button on the header of the Mintos homepage, you are presented with thousands of loans to choose from and filters to input, with a primary and secondary market. The primary market is loans offered by loan originators directly, and the secondary market is investors selling loans they’ve purchased and can include a premium or discount.

If you know exactly what you are looking for this is a great strategy to use, however if you are reading this, you are probably looking for some guidance! Manually picking loans is a great place for a beginner to get to grips with the site but it is also a very time consuming strategy – Each loan needs to be manually selected and researched before investing, particularly if investing using the secondary market (Ask yourself, why is someone looking to sell this loan?). A much more efficient strategy is to let the technology do the work for you, bringing us to our next tool..

B. AUTO invest

We’ll keep it brief here as we talk about our autoinvest strategy below…. Our favourite investment tool, the autoinvest feature is perfect for someone looking to earn some passive income but still maintain control of where their investments are going. You can select loan originators, loan terms and acceptable % return parameters amongst others.  

C. Invest and Access

This is a relatively new tool offered by Mintos. According to Mintos statistics:

  • 69% of new investors on Mintos have used this tool to create their investment portfolios.
  • 18% of new investors choose the tool exclusively
  • Average returns are 12.09% on an average investment of 3,969 Euro

Pro’s

The major draw of the tool is that it gives investors the option to cash out at any time they want, at no extra cost. When an investor wants to withdraw money, the tool automatically sells current loans to other investors and credits money to an investor’s account. More than 80% of cash withdrawals from Invest & Access to investors’ Mintos accounts happen in a timeframe of 24 hours.

We tested the tool ourselves and were very impressed. The majority of our loans were sold within minutes of clicking the cash out button, and we didn’t have to wait any longer than 2 months (when the buyback guarantee kicked in for under-performing loans) to be fully divested.

There is also an option to “Pause and reactivate”, offering a good mix of control and flexibility to investors. Mintos are planning on reducing the minimum investment amount from 500 euro to 10 euro, so if you do not have much to invest, you can still use this feature.

Con’s

While the tool is extremely impressive, there are a number of downsides and inherent risks that investors should be aware of:

Control of loan originators invested in:

You do not have control over the loan originators invested in. It is likely that you will be at least partly invested in loans that other investors have been avoiding. When we tested the tool we noticed that we were invested in a number of loan originators scoring below 50 in our rating table (Check it out here!), which is not a position we overly feel comfortable in.

We also noticed that we that we immediately had some investments in late loans – around 15% of our total portfolio. Did anyone else notice this happening? Comment below. We would like Mintos to improve this as it does not make much sense to be invested in underperforming late loans from the get go.

Market Conditions:

As Mintos acknowledge, the tool is only effective in “Normal market conditions”. Abnormal market conditions would be if there was a very large, sudden and extended demand to cash out from Invest & Access. This might be caused by a global recession, an abrupt and widespread loss of faith in investing in loans or a number of other situations. Ultimately this could mean that investors may have to wait until a buyer could be found for their loan shares in their Invest & Access portfolio, or until the loans were repaid over time by the borrowers

OUR (CURRENT) INVESTMENT STRATEGY:

Before we get into it, let’s recap:

RISK WHAT THIS IS STRATEGY TO REDUCE RISK
Portfolio Risk Every P2P platform starts finding itself in trouble – Invest in stocks, gold, bonds, ETF’s, Index funds, etc
Platform Risk One specific P2P platform finds itself in trouble – Invest in several platforms
– Review financial statements to assess long term viability of company
– Check out Brismo site to gauge investor confidence in the platform
Loan Selection Risk The loan you’ve selected is not repaid – Only invest in loans that come with a buyback guarantee
– Diversify by investing a max of 10 euro in each loan
Loan originator selection riskThe loan originator listed on the P2P platform goes out of business – Invest in loan originators that score about 50 in our table
– Spread your investments across minimum 20 loan originators
Group Guarantee RiskOne particular entity for the loan originator goes out of business, while the rest of the business carries on as normal – Same as above
– Invest in loan originators that have a group guarantee or stand alone entities with a solid financial performance.
Black Swan Events All other events Be ready to react. Accept event if you can’t do anything and move on!

So now you understand the risks, lets get into our investment strategy. Feel free to copy ours but now that you understand what the risks are, why not create your own strategy? Everyone has their own risk tolerance, is at different stages at their investment journey and can risk different levels of capital. We would describe our risk tolerance as medium – high, so try find your own risk tolerance and invest accordingly.

Our Mintos investing strategy in a nutshell is:

  1. Using the autoinvest tool primarily, and manually picking loans on occasion.
  2. We set the max amount per loan to 10 euro to reduce loan selection risk.
  3. We set our max loan term to 36 months, so that our capital is not tied up for too long and we can re-assess and adjust for changes in risk profiles.
  4. We want loans that offer any return greater than 10%.
  5. Invest only in loan originators that score above 50 in our table here, selecting a minimum of 20 loan originators at a time.
  6. Invest in Loan originators that have a “Group Guarantee” or the entity itself is performing well.

So there you have it. Everything you’ll ever need to know about everything. Not really! The landscape is forever evolving, Mintos is constantly updating and coming out with new features that bring different risks, and we as intelligent investors need to check in at least every once in a while to see if our original ideas still hold true. Why not save down this link, share and check in again for updates!

Don’t agree with some of our content? Brilliant, we would love to hear your thoughts below (Good and bad!) Our strategy is constantly evolving and you can help plug any gaps that haven’t seen yet.

This post contains affiliate links, some of which include a sign-up bonus for you. These help keep us motivated to producing content such as this so your support is appreciated!

Sign up here with Mintos to receive a bonus on investments made or why not check out our bonus page to see what other offers are currently available!

Grupeer Review

GRUPEER

Grupeer is a P2P platform that was registered in 2016, launching in February 2017. Company operations are based in Riga Latvia. Grupeer offer two types of loans; loans issued by credit institutions to individuals and loans issued to enterprises.  

 

*Affiliate link. We will receive a bonus on investments made, thanks for you support!

Why do we like what we like?

1. High Returns

Grupeer provides investors with the opportunity to earn a very impressive rate of return, averaging around 14%. Of the loan originators currently listed, Primo Invest currently provides the highest rate of return at almost 14%, and Credito provide the lowest rate of return at 12%. As always, we recommend investors conduct their own research prior to investing and do not focus solely on return rates, as risk tends to increase with return. 

2. Strong Safety Net

a) Buyback Guarantee (All Loans)

All loans listed on Grupeer provide a Buyback Guarantee, reducing the risk for investors to lose their investment. This means that if a loan is delayed by more than 60 days, the loan originator steps in and repurchases the loan from the investor. As such, investors should focus their attention on the long term viability of the loan originator, rather than each individual loan.

b) Additional Security (Some Loans)

Additional collateral is provided for certain loans. This can be viewed in the ‘borrower details’ section of each loan. Depending on the loan type, collateral can include real estate, a personal guarantee or a guarantee from the parent company of the loan originator, amongst others. We would recommend investing in loans that have this additional security as it reduces loss on default.

c) Skin in the game

All loan originators listed on Grupeer are required to hold a 5% stake in the loans provided. This is a best practice technique seen across the P2P industry and is good for investors, as it aligns their interests with the loan originators.

3. Geographic Diversification

Grupeer provides investors with the opportunity to diversify across a number of geographic locations. The advantage here is that if a particular country is struggling economically leading to an increase in default rates, there is a smaller percentage of capital at risk.

Why don’t we like what we don’t like?

1. Low Liquidity

When an investment is made on Grupeer, capital is tied up for the duration of the loan. There is currently no secondary market or ‘invest and access’ products such as those seen on Mintos (see review here). Grupeer are currently working on introducing a secondary market, expect to see this in Q1 2020. Secondary markets are an important tool for investors that are looking to obtain a return on their capital but do not want their money to be tied up for a long duration.

2. Basic Website

There is a basic feel to the website ergonomics on Grupeer, and it gives off the impression that the platform is playing catch-up to larger players in the industry:

  •  The homepage showing an overview of investment performance lacks detail and can be improved. Grupeer have acknowledged this and have announced that improvements are coming in late 2019.
  • There are no FX opportunities as all loan originators are euro – dominated.
  • The auto invest feature is quite basic and does not provide investors with the opportunity to input detailed settings.

Having said that, it could be argued that the simplicity of the site is actually an advantage for the platform. Setting up a new account is simple and investments can be screened and made with just a few clicks. For people new to investing in P2P platforms and want a quick and easy process, this is a great place to start.

3. Transparency of Loan Originators Listed on Site

Data available on the loan originators listed on Grupeer lacks detail and transparency. All loan originators listed currently have a stated default rate of 0%, which is not an accurate reflection as loan defaults can and do occur often.

Additionally, data such as Financial Statements for loan originators is not yet accessible on the site. Grupeer have acknowledged this and plan to provide additional information on the financial statistics of loan originators from late 2019.

Conclusion

Rating: 8/10

Grupeer provides the opportunity for investors to make a good return on their capital. Their are strong inherent safety nets in place reducing the risk of losing money invested. A few improvements to the site and additional features and there is no reason why the company can’t grow to become a bigger player in the P2P industry.

Click here to invest in Grupeer and earn up to 14% returns!

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